Analysis

The practice of “rotation”: how Egypt keeps its dissidents in indefinite detention

December 14, 2021

Background

Since 2014, the human rights situation in Egypt has deteriorated significantly, with the Egyptian authorities having obliterated almost all space for free expression, peaceful assembly and association.[1] Accompanying the shrinking of civic space under the current presidency of Abdel Fattah Al Sisi is the increasing use of pre-trial detention.[2] Security forces, in coordination with prosecutors and judges, have arrested, detained or prosecuted thousan

Study on the protection of lawyers against undue interference in Lebanon

December 14, 2021

On December 6, 2021, MENA Rights Group and the Prisoners’ Rights Center of the Tripoli Bar Association provided the Special Rapporteur on the Independence of Judges and Lawyers with information on the exercise of the lawyer's profession. The joint submission will help the Special Rapporteur prepare its forthcoming report to the Human Rights Council (2022) focusing on protection of lawyers from undue interferences lawyers may face in the free and independent exercise of the legal profession.

UN Secretary General’s 2021 report highlights ongoing acts of reprisals against MENA-based human rights defenders, lawyers and CSOs

September 29, 2021

On September 29, 2021, Ms. Ilze Brands Kehris, the United Nations (UN) Assistant Secretary General for Human Rights, presented the 12th annual report of the UN Secretary General on cases of intimidation and reprisals against individuals cooperating with the UN, its representatives and mechanisms.

Opinion Piece: Protection for Victims of Enforced Disappearance in Iraq?

September 10, 2021

On November 23, 2010, Iraq became the twentieth State to ratify the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (ICPPED). Yet more than a decade after signing this landmark convention, Iraq continues to have one of the highest numbers of forcibly disappeared persons worldwide. The International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances on August 30 gives rise to the question of why.

Oman responds to UN member states’ recommendations issued during the country's last universal periodic review

July 09, 2021

On January 21, 2021, Oman’s human rights record was reviewed during Oman’s third periodic review before the UN Human Rights Council. The Omani delegation accepted 208 of the 264 recommendations it was presented with, took note of 49 of them and partially accepted and took note of 7 other recommendations. While Oman accepted the member states’ recommendation to ratify the ICCPR, the Omani delegation refrained from accepting recommendations geared towards abolishing the death penalty, amending legislation to protect fundamental freedoms in the country and withdrawing their reservations to previously ratified human rights instruments.

Also available in French

Mauritania’s roadmap for human rights in light of the 3rd cycle of the Universal Periodic Review

July 08, 2021

Following the third cycle of the Universal Periodic Review, Mauritania informed the Human Rights Council of its decision to accept 201 out of the 266 recommendations it had received. While the authorities accepted recommendations on the fight against human trafficking, torture and racial discrimination, it did not accept those pertaining to the abolition of the death penalty. On issues related to the protection of freedom of expression, religion and association, the government provided mixed responses.

Only available in French

Le président algérien promulgue une ordonnance sur les documents classifiés qui porte atteinte à la liberté de rechercher, de recevoir et de répandre des informations

June 24, 2021

L'analyse ci-dessous porte sur l'entrée en vigueur en Algérie de l’Ordonnance n° 21-09 relative à la protection des informations et des documents administratifs, à la suite de son inscription au journal officiel le 9 juin 2021. Ce texte n’a fait l’objet d’aucun débat parlementaire compte tenu de la dissolution de l’Assemblée Populaire Nationale (APN) le 1er mars dernier par le président. Cependant, il devrait être théoriquement approuvé durant la prochaine session de la nouvelle législature issue des élections du 12 juin dernier.

Only available in French

Le président algérien durcit par ordonnance la législation antiterroriste

June 24, 2021

L'analyse ci-dessous porte sur l'entrée en vigueur en Algérie de l’Ordonnance n° 21-08 modifiant et complétant l’Ordonnance n° 66-156 du 8 juin 1966 portant Code pénal, à la suite de son inscription au journal officiel le 9 juin 2021. Ce texte n’a fait l’objet d’aucun débat parlementaire compte tenu de la dissolution de l’Assemblée Populaire Nationale (APN) le 1er mars dernier par le président. Cependant, il devrait être théoriquement approuvé durant la prochaine session de la nouvelle législature issue des élections du 12 juin dernier.

Mauritania’s human rights record examined by UN Member States

February 04, 2021

During its Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on January 19, 2021, Mauritania received over 250 recommendations from nearly 100 United Nations Member States on issues including the right to life, gender-based violence and the prohibition of slavery. Mauritania also received recommendations on how to safeguard the peaceful exercise of fundamental rights, including freedoms of expression, association and assembly. The persistence of discriminatory practices as well as the lack of a long-term resolution of the “Passif humanitaire” were also addressed during the review.

Oman’s human rights record reviewed at its third UPR session

February 04, 2021

On January 21, 2021, the Sultanate of Oman completed its third Universal Periodic Review (UPR) before the UN Human Rights Council. The UPR is a state-led review mechanism aimed at examining UN Member States’ human rights record. The review process allows other states to provide recommendations to the country under review. During this UPR session, Oman was presented with 264 recommendations, which it must now consider before reporting back during the Human Rights Council’s 47th session in June-July 2021, indicating which of these recommendations it has chosen to support, take note of, or reject.

Iraq's draft cybercrime law puts free speech in grave danger

January 21, 2021

Articles contained in the draft could be used to stifle criticism of politicians, government officials and other public figures

UN Committee issues roadmap to address endemic practice of enforced disappearance in Iraq

December 02, 2020

On November 25, 2020, the UN Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED) issued its Observations on the additional information submitted by Iraq under article 29 (4) of the Convention on Enforced Disappearances (ICPPED), ratified in 2010.